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National symbols - Ro Swed Cham
National symbols 2017-10-17T16:33:33+00:00

National symbols

National coat of arms of Romania

The State heraldic symbols are part of the national identity.

The current coat of arms was developed after the revolution in Decembrie1989.

The constituent elements of the national emblems of Romania comprise:

The crusader Golden Eagle-a central element that symbolizes the founding dynasty of Bessarabia, the nucleus around which the Romanian country was organized, one of the three provinces of the Middle Ages (Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania)

The shield that sits is azure-symbolizes the sky. The eagle holds in its claws the insignia of sovereignty: a Sceptre and a sword, which recalls the ruler of Moldavia, Stephen the Great and the holy and the ruler of Wallachia, Mihai Viteazul, the first unifying of the three Romanian countries.

A crest divided into heraldic fields presents the symbols of the Romanian historical provinces from left to right:

Wallachia on the Azure: an eagle holding a beak in a golden Orthodox cross

Moldova: A black bull with a star between the horns.

Banat and Oltenia, a yellow bridge with two arches of the arch (symbolizing the bridge over the Danube of the Roman Emperor Traian) and a golden lion.

Transylvania: Above is a black eagle with gold claws; Below there are seven creneled towers symbolizing the seven main cities of Transylvania.

The territories adjacent to the Black Sea (historical province of Dobrogea) are represented by two Afrontaţi dolphins.

Flag of Romania

The flag of Romania is knitted: red, yellow and blue. The Romanian flag has the colors placed vertically as follows: Blue (to Lance), yellow (in the middle) and red (apart). Blue is cobalt, yellow –chromium, and red –vermilon.
Throughout history, the flag of Romania has not undergone any major transformations, with the exception of color distribution (in terms of proportion and position) as a result of the impact of the French revolutionary spirit when many of Europe's countries have adopted as a flag National standard three-color flag.

National Anthem of Romania

The poem "A Sound" of Andrei Mureşanu was written and published during the Revolution of 1848 and was first performed in July 1848. Later the poem became a hymn, under the title "Smarten, Romanian!" The music was composed by Anton Pann (1796-1854), poet and author of music manuals

After 1848, "Get Smart, Romanian!" was a song very dear to the Romanians, instilled their courage both during the War of Independence (1877-1878) and in the battles of the first and the Second World War.

On 22 December 1989, during the anti-communist revolution, the song was spontaneously heard on the streets as a symbol of freedom won. Thus, the establishment as the national anthem came by itself.